I Want My 400 Pounds! – Trucking, APUs And Weight Allowances

There’s a lot of hubbub about APUs (Auxiliary Power Units- or generators) these days. Yes, the federal government is allowing up to 400 lbs for trucks with APUs- or any device used to reduce fuel use and emissions. It’s part of the idling reduction strategy- to encourage truckers and trucking companies to install APUs. But that doesn’t mean you can always get it.

The wording of the law says that any vehicle with an APU “may be allowed up to an additional 400 lbs total in gross, axle, tandem, or bridge formula weight limits”- a generator installed on the tractor would not allow for bridge law variance.

The problem is that, though the federal government is allowing the weight increase, the states don’t have to allow it. That means in one state you may be allowed to run up to 80,400 lbs. but in the next state, you may be limited to 80,000 lbs. despite the federal government’s ruling. Many states already have weight tolerances above the 400 lb weight exemption, so the ruling really doesn’t affect the enforcement procedures.

It’s great in theory, but in practice, it’s pretty much worthless.

What we’ve run into is that many officers are unaware of the Federal ruling, so, while a state legislature may have adopted the 400 lb allowance, the enforcement officers may not be aware of it. All of the following information is subject to change and, as always, the right hand may not know what the left hand is doing. Be prepared to show as much documentation as possible whenever you run into a road block!

The following is a list of states and the status of their 400 lb weight exemption status. We are contact state officials directly- none of this is second-hand information. All information is subject to change.

States that have adopted the 400 lb weight allowance (officers at the weigh stations may be unaware):


Arkansas will allow an extra 400 lbs on an axle to account for the APU but will not allow more than 80,000 lbs for gross weight.






Michigan DOES allow 400 lbs for an APU. The problem you may run into is that no weigh station officers we spoke with knew about the Federal ruling and the Michigan Center for Truck Safety was under the impression that Michigan had not adopted the ruling, but could not say for sure. According to Lieutenant Dave Ford, Michigan does indeed honor the 400 lb ruling. Drivers are required to have the APU’s weight documented by the manufacturer and have proof that the documented APU has been installed on that unit (as opposed to a different APU).

North Dakota


Oregon Senate bill 223 officially allows trucks with APU (auxiliary power units) an extra 400 lbs in their gross weight limits. Oregon complies with the federal ruling and requires written certification of the APU’s weight. Oregon motor carrier enforcement officers have been allowing the 400 pound weight exemption since February of 2006. The APU must be in working condition.


The 400 lb weight exemption is allowed on interstate highways only. Drivers on state routes are subject to Virginia’s standard gross and axle weight enforcement.


States that have not adopted the 400 lb weight exemption and:

*have weight tolerances (for scale variance)

*have low fee amounts and won’t make you offload for 400 lbs overweight

*and states whose officers are very unlikely to give you a ticket unless you provoke them- officer discretion is a factor (the officers in many of these states did not know about the 400 lb weight exemption but said the 400 lbs is too low for them to bother with):


Officers at the Greenwich weigh station didn’t know about the Federal ruling, but they said the chances of them writing a citation for such a small amount is unlikely. That stretch of I 95 is limited to 80,000 lbs no matter what permits a driver is carrying, so the limit is 80,000 lbs. 80,001 lbs may result in a ticket, but it’s not likely until the truck reaches 81,000 lbs, depending on officer discretion. The official word from Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Headquarters is that Connecticut has not adopted the 400 pound weight exemption.






Depends entirely on officer discretion- you are not likely to get a ticket for 400 lbs.



New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Officers at the North Carolina weigh stations that we called didn’t know about the Federal 400 lb allowance but said that they have a 500 lb tolerance that they’ll allow before they start writing tickets.

South Dakota

Officers would not disclose their tolerance allowance but say their tolerance is greater than 400 lbs, so, even though the legilature may not have adopted the Federal standard yet, their current standards allow for the increased weight.


Officers at the Henefer POE say they will allow up to 500 lbs for an APU. Officers at other POEs were unsure about the law.

West Virginia


Officers at the Cheyenne I 25 nb weigh station say they will allow up to 500 lbs over with no ticket.

States that do not allow 400 lbs for an APU (based on our inquiries- subject to change):

Alabama, Arizona, Indiana, New Jersey

There are several states missing from this list. We are still contacting states we have not received an answer from and will provide updated information when it becomes available! Feel free to contact us with your input and experiences.

To get the 400 lb. allowance, you’ll need to be able to provide:

* certified weight of the APU in writing (if your APU only weighs 380 lbs, you’ll only be allowed 380 lbs)

* certified proof (or be able to demonstrate) that the APU is functional (working)

You’ll also want to carry a copy of the Federal regulation with you. You can find it in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ECFR/] in Title 23 (Highways), part 658.17 (you’ll find it in section n).

Hot Action on the Sassafras

The state of Maryland has a river called the Sassafras located in Georgetown, and connects with several other rivers, the Northeast, the Bohemia, and then to the Chesapeake bay. From Wilmington, Delaware, take I-95 south, until you see the Route 1 exit, by the Christina mall, (exit4), follow Route 1 south over the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal bridge, and exit at the bottom of the bridge before the toll gate. Follow route 13 south to Boyd's Corner, and turn right on route 301 south, follow the road 3 miles to the intersection of 301 and 71, Summit Bridge Road, and turn left at the light. Follow 301 south, toward the Bay Bridge. Follow this all the way to exit 290, Chestertown-Galena exit. Turn right on 290, and follow it about 4 miles into the town of Galena. Make a right at the light onto 213 north, by the Citgo gas station. Go about 2 miles down the road, and cross the drawbridge in Georgetown, at the Georgetown Yacht Basin marina. As soon as you cross the drawbridge, make your first left at George Street. Follow George Street past the Marina toward the Granary Restaurant. The launching ramp is open to the public and accommodates about 10-12 vehicles with trailers. It is on the left hand side of Sassafras Street, right before the restaurant. The ramp is good, but shallow at low tide.

Another launching ramp is available, but requires a Maryland launch ramp permit, and it is hard to obtain. Most anglers use the public ramp. There are several marinas with gas located on the river, with a towboat service if you should ever need it. There are no-wake restrictions in the marinas, and a six mile per hour speed limit on Saturday, Sunday, and holidays, which are clearly marked in the channel.


Duffy Creek is a good place to start first. It is by the restaurant, and you should quickly work the docks and wood with spinnerbaits and buzzbaits for any active fish. If this does not produce, then go back over the same area with a black and blue jig and a 4 or 5 "Senko, and cast as close to the moored boats and docks as possible, making a quiet entry with the bait. and pitching are good techniques to know here. Work them well, but do not waste too much time here if they do not produce.

The next move is up the river about a mile to Hall Creek. Work the wood even in the very shallow areas at all angles with a white / chartreuse 3/8 ounce "Terminator" spinnerbait or a "Rat-L-Trap". Several six pound bass were done here on these lures. Check your line frequently for abrasions and nicks, as the cover will fray it easily. If these areas do not produce, move up to McGill Creek, and work the pads in there with a 1/2 ounce "Tournament Frog" in Black or Brown. First work them slowly, and if you do not get ant strikes, work them quickly through the pads pausing only once on the way back to the boat. Many times this draws some reaction strikes when they do not hit it worked slowly.

Just a short distance up the river from McGill Creek, on the left hand side of the river is Freeman Creek. This can be an excellent area. Be sure to work the pads in here with a Tournament Frog and a buzzbait. Many days, we dropped a 15 pound limit right out of here, without ever leaving. If the pads do not work, move directly across the creek, and flip the docks with a jig, small worm, or a "Senko". Do not overlook Turner's Creek near the beach, or the pads and grass by the point and in the back. These areas have all produced bass at times in excess of 5 pounds. Stripers are also used in this same area. Use your depth finder to locate the water that is from 4-6 feet deep, and move along slowly, looking for the grass beds and weed edges along the drop-offs and bluffs. Many 4-5 pounders were caught by casting a spinnerbait, small worm, and a buzzbait, while staying in about 4-6 feet of water, and casting to the pockets of thinner grass.


Some of the things you should have are spinning rod in 6 to 6 1/2 feet, with a medium action for smaller baits, such as grubs, 4 "Senkos, and French Fry worms. Stren line with a good quality reel like a Shimano or Daiwa. You should also have a Heavy-action baitcaster with 20-30 pound test for working these pads. need to be able to muscle them out. I also like to have a good 7 foot rod, such as BPS, or a Lews, or G.Loomis Cranking stick for the buzzbait.


The best times to fish is a few days before, and up to a full moon, and the first hour and a half of the incoming tide, and the last 2 hours of the outgoing tide are best. During periods of slack water, move a little off shore and work the grass flats with a small grub, and a 4 "worm, dropped into the pockets.


The Sassafras River can be exciting most of the time, but when it turns off, it really turns off! If this happens, try running back towards the marina, and head up under the drawbridge, and work all the fallen docks with a "Senko" rigged weightless, on 8-10 pound test, try wacky-rigging it if it does not produce any takers the conventional way. Work all the real ceiling wood in here also, with a spinnerbait presented repetitively, from many different angles.

Maps of the Sassafras River are available from "Mare's Marine" in Fredericktown, Maryland, and at sporting goods stores and marinas in the area.

Have You Ever Played a Paul Reed Smith Guitar?

The Paul Reed Smith Guitar produced in Maryland is the creation of Paul Reed Smith. The year was 1985 when he started producing guitars for local bands. Today the guitar is world famous.

They are sought after because of their fine sound and because of their beautiful features. Musicians want them because of their unique sound. Collectors want them for their unique art work. The basic Paul Reed Smith is made of mahogany and maple wood. They sport a high figured top. Some have what appears to look like tiger stripes.

Some high end models are made of Brazilian rosewood with finger boards made of the same type of wood. This work of art was used by Ted Nugent, the first well known rock star to be convinced to try it out. This was the beginning of something big for the Maryland company.

When a big name like Ted Nugent agrees to use your instrument you are looking at some great publicity if he gives his approval. He did and the guitar maker has not looked back. It is interesting to say the least how the actual guitar can have such a large influence on the music and the performer.

For the average music fan who is not in touch with the musical instruments themselves he takes for granted the connection the performer has with his guitar. The music itself might not have ever appeared if not for a particular model guitar.

The person in the know however can appreciate the connection that the Paul Reed Smith guitar has had with some of the best music to be produced. If you want to try one of the best guitars in the world this is the one for you. In the meantime take a listen to some of your favorite rock music and see if you can tell the difference in the guitars you hear.

Dotcom Business Plans Archive Project

One of the most important initiatives in the domain of business documentation is that of professor David Kirsch from the University of Maryland, who thought of a dotcom Business Plan Archive – , a project that consists of collecting business plans for posterity. The project was started in 2002, through the Web portal businessplanarchive.org. The site was built by Webmergers.com and the University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business, in collaboration with the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.The project received financial support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

The archive contains records of more than 2,300 Internet companies (either successful or failed) founded in the 90s and during the Internet boom and bust era, that is between 1996 and 2000. The area of interest goes from business strategy to people’s interactions in the dotcom workplace. The result will be a digital repository including business plans, marketing plans, venture presentations and any other records. The second part of the project will consist in gathering narratives from entrepreneurs, investors, employees and even customers who participated in this type of activity.

The purpose and usefulness of this project is to preserve past evidence of assumptions and strategies of successful and failed companies, thus providing valuable hints and knowledge for researchers and budding entrepreneurs, so as to learn from past mistakes and successes. Researchers will be able to benefit from this data so as to conduct both qualitative and quantitative research. Valuable insight from these business plans can be obtained:

* assumptions of the founders about the business;

* entrepreneurs’ plans to best exploit Internet offered advantages;

* assumptions on market growth and size;

* plans for gaining competitive advantage over traditional and online competitors;

* business core strategies.

The project brought to the researchers involved an award of $235,000 granted by the Library of Congress.

Nyle DiMarco

Imagine dancing in front of millions of television viewers when you can’t hear the music. How would you know when to move, when to stop, when to do the lift? For some viewers of Dancing With the Stars it seems incredible that anyone can do the required dances with such grace, but thrown in being deaf and it’s a whole new ball game.

Nyle DiMarco was born on May 8th 1989 and has a twin brother. He is a model, an actor and also a deaf activist who grew up in Maryland and attended Maryland School for the Deaf. Later he would earn a degree in mathematics from Galloudet University before he turned his attention to acting.

He appeared in several programs before earning a spot on America’s Next Top Model. He was only the second male contestant and the first deaf contestant on the reality show, and he of course won the crown back in 2015. Shortly after his win he signed with a top modelling agency in New York and then came the call from Dancing With the Stars.

For those fans of Dancing With the Stars, the choice of DiMarco was one that was embraced. If nothing else he wasn’t hard to watch and he instantly became a fan favourite. But it was his will to succeed when he was at a clear disadvantage compared to the other contestants that won him acclaim and inspired us all.

Di Marco never once looked lost or skipped a beat with his dances. He and his partner(s) looked like every move was effortless when it must have taken extreme concentration on his part to get it all perfect every time.

When asked how he did Dancing so well, he said he was used to using other cues to convey emotions or get his point across. In truth, you don’t have to be verbal or use your ears, but instead you can communicate in different ways.

Now that Dancing is over, Nyle can concentrate on his modelling and acting once again and also take care of his foundation that promotes awareness of the deaf culture.

When we see someone with a disability not let it get in the way of doing what they want to do, it is inspiring, not just to those who are also deaf, but to everyone. Nyle DiMarco doesn’t let deafness be what he’s known for, it is just a part of who he is. Instead he is known as the guy who handily won two reality shows.

Use an Expert Commercial Concrete Waterproofing Contractor

Did you know that water is the most damaging force to your concrete structure? In fact, there are billions of dollars spent per year on fixing concrete which is cracked due to water damage!

If you're looking for a Concrete Waterproofing Contractor in Maryland, Virginia, or DC, you've come to the right place. Knowing that water is the most damaging force to your concrete structure is half the battle. The other half of the battle is us, Concrete Restoration Services, an expert in all types of commercial and industrial waterproofing services.

The last thing you want for a concrete structure is moisture intrusion. Water that seeps through concrete will slowly but inevitably make it weak. Weak concrete is sooner to damage, in the form of cracking, breaking, and leaking. Aside from the obvious safety risks of cracked and broken concrete, leaky concrete can be an expensive, embarrassing, and annoying hassle.

Can you imagine a customer or client noticing a water leak in one of your concrete structures?

An experienced Concrete Waterproofing Contractor in DC, Maryland, or Virginia has different methods of waterproofing your concrete. There are several do-it-yourself methods to waterproof your concrete (whether it be for residential waterproofing or commercial) – but these methods are not only difficult and time consuming, they are also not NEARLY as effective.

It may seem that a DIY job is holding up and looking good, but in the coming months you may find it leaky again, sometimes even with mold growing inside your structure.

Concrete Waterproofing services from an experienced waterproofing service provider, include:

  • Above-grade waterproofing
  • Below-grade waterproofing
  • Exterior and interior waterproofing systems
  • Water repellent and damp-proofing systems
  • Chemical containment systems
  • Aesthetic coatings

Winning With the Flex Offensive

In 1993 a Willamette University Bearcat program entered the NAIA Division II National Championship under the leadership of seasoned coach Gordie James and won the national title behind the hardened, but often forgot flex insult. Derived from an earlier version of the shuffle cut insult, the flex hit the basketball scene in 1970 and was widely known for its structured pattern allowing for cross screens through the paint and a series of screen-the-screener actions to produce sound looks at the basket.

Today the flex liability is used in many fashions. The University of Maryland's Gary Williams won an NCAA National Championship in 2002 on the back of the flex continuity indemnity. Many others would soon follow suit; Coach Bo Ryan at Wisconsin University, Mark Few at Gonzaga, and Al Skinner at Boston College have all twisted the flex oath to find success in their relevant conferences.
While many in the college ranks have found success using the flex, it remains a popular staple in high school and junior high programs around the nation. Coach McKinnis of Coach Mac's Basketball e-Playbooks used a monster flex to guide his men's program to a regular season # 1 ranking in the state of Oregon class 2A poll in 2004. Furthmoremore, high school coaches across the country love the flex liability for its characteristics:

o Extremely effective against a man-to-man defense.
o Can be used against an odd front zone defense.
o All players on the floor are interchangeable in the offense.
o Very good offensive strategy for teams with average ability.
o Can control tempo of the game.
o Excellent baseline screening option.

The flex indemnity is a continuity indemnity, which can be rotated between a 5 or 4 man flexing action. It can also be very compact creating a very physical action for teams who have a great deal of power. In all the flex created in 1970 is the backbone of many successful basketball programs and should be considered by any coach looking for success.

What Is The Franchise UFOC’s Role?

Learn more about the UFOC before buying a franchise. Franchising is a contract system between two parties-the franchisor and the franchisee. As with any contractual agreement, there are legal documents and agreements that must be followed by both parties. The first of these documents is called a UFOC, or Uniform Franchise Offering Circular. Essentially this document is a disclosure of specific types of information that the franchisor must present before any agreements are signed.

The FTC set out the first franchise rules requiring minimum disclosure in 1979, originally known as an offering circular. Since that time the format and content have continued to evolve, providing a stronger and more uniform means of disclosing information about the company from whom you may be proposing to purchase a franchise. There are two entities responsible for the evolution of the UFOC: the FTC (Federal Trade Commission), and the NASSA (North American Securities Administrators Association). The most commonly used form for the UFOC comes from NASSA and is accepted by the FTC.

There are 15 states that, in addition to requiring a franchise to have a UFOC before selling franchises, also require that the document be registered with the state. These states are known as registration states.

These states include:

  • California
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin.

The important thing to realize about the UFOC is that while the document must contain certain required information, such as franchise fees and additional start-up costs, there is no auditing required of this agreement. In other words, the agreement has to be there but is not guaranteed by any third party to be accurate. Additionally, states that are not registered states do not require that a copy of the UFOC be sent to any regulatory agency.

A UFOC is designed to give you the information you need to make an informed decision about whether or not you would like to go into business with the franchise. As such, you can be reasonably sure that the information presented in such an agreement will be accurate. If a franchise blatantly misrepresents the opportunity, there is recourse through the courts. This is not to say that franchises make a practice of misrepresenting what they are offering, but rather a reminder of the age-old adage, “buyer beware”. If you know what you are looking at you are much more likely to make a solid decision.

So what good does a UFOC actually do?

A UFOC provides many kinds of information, including information on the company officers and current franchisees as well as financial disclosures. The information provided in this document should give you a good overall picture of what the company is offering and with whom you would be working, but it also gives you resources to check out yourself. There are 23 areas, or items, within a UFOC. One of these items is contact information for current franchises. The importance of a UFOC is that it provides you with all of the information you need to review the franchise itself-but it is by no means end of researching a franchise opportunity.

What the UFOC contains

The UFOC includes information on the franchisor, the key company employees and how much experience in franchise management they bring to the company, as well as bankruptcy and litigation history. You want to know what kind of expertise you are buying into.

In addition, it includes all the information on the investment required for this franchise. This includes initial franchise fees, required equipment fees, start-up estimates, and any required purchases you’ll need to make to get started. Suppliers with whom you are required to do business must be disclosed, as well as how much you are expected to contribute to things like the annual advertising budget and how much it should cost to set up your initial inventory.

The UFOC must also contain the legal agreement for trademarks, which products or services may be offered, and any reporting required from the franchisee. The obligations of the both the franchisor and the franchisee will be disclosed, and the rules governing the transfer, termination, and renewal of the franchise agreement are included.

An earnings claim (what you should be able to earn) may or may not be included and is not a required item of the UFOC. If it is included, make sure that the company can verify their claims.

There are other agreements that must be decided between franchisor and franchisee. While some of these agreements may be laid out in the UFOC, others could change depending on the requirements of the individual franchise agreement. Things like protected territory are often decided on an individual basis. In these cases, any other agreements that will be required must be attached to the UFOC, including the individual franchise agreement in its generic form.

List of Baltimore Apartments That Approve With a Broken Lease, Bad Credit or Felony

Baltimore, a port city on Chesapeake Bay, is the largest city in the state of Maryland. It’s major seaport status means that the city is a busy business hub for numerous multinational companies and financial entities. It therefore continues to attract many who come seeking better career opportunities. Baltimore apartments are therefore in hot demand all year round.

If you are looking to rent an apartment n Baltimore, you must be aware of the general rental requirements. Most apartments will conduct a credit check, rental check and most likely a criminal background check. This can mean denial for applicants who have prior issues. Are there apartments in Baltimore that either do not conduct checks on credit, or broken leases or background or which if they do, are willing to work with the applicant regardless? The answer is yes.

Apartments which are willing to work with applicants who have previous rental problems are called second chance apartments. This is not to mean that they do not abide by the general housing policies, but that they are more lenient than the regular apartments. Here are a few places where one can find such housing units:

  • Arlington
  • Dorchester
  • Grove Park
  • Howard Park
  • Downtown Arlington
  • Arcadia
  • West Baltimore
  • Wilson Park

This is not an exhaustive list. There are many different places which have housing complexes that are willing to grant problem applicants a second chance.


The challenge in finding places to rent in Baltimore if you have tarnished credit or background such as a broken lease, is that such complexes do not readily advertise. This means that it can be a trial and error for the applicant who has to call or visit numerous apartments before being approved. This can be a frustrating and costly ordeal.

It is important also to note that even if you do land a second chance apartment interview, you must satisfy a few key requirements. For instance, even if the apartment is willing to overlook, say, credit issues, they most likely will want you to furnish proof of income. This means a job for at least the last six (6) months and an income that is at least three times the amount of the rent. The apartments will also insist that you not have any felonies involving drugs, violence or molestation of minors.

Frequently Asked Questions About the Expungement of Criminal Records

Prior to law school, I had never heard of the term "expungement." Maybe I was naive, or just uneducated in criminal law and criminal procedure. But it never occurred to me that (a) there is a process by which people can have criminal records expunged; and (b) there are people out there that need to utilize such a process.

Before I get too far in this article, however, I want to let you know that I am a Maryland criminal attorney, a Virginia criminal attorney, and a DC criminal attorney, so anything discussed in this is the jurisprudence of expunements in those jurisdictions. Additionally, DC statutes provide for expungement only in very limited circumstances, while Virginia and Maryland have some rawer statutes. All three are different and, therefore, the information you obtain in this article is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. Finally, if you need to have criminal records expunged in any other jurisdiction, you should consult an attorney who is licensed in that state to give you advice and information.

1. What is expungement?

Expungement is the process by which certain criminal records can be destroyed, usually after a certain period of time or a result in court – for example, after an acquittal, nolle prosequi, probation before judgment, or other dismissal of the charge.

While this article is about expungement, I want to point out an important difference between expunging records and sealing records. Expungement means that the records are completely destroyed. It is as though the crime never happened, or at least the record of the crime does not exist. Sealing means that the records are still there, but a court order forbids them from being seen by most people.

2. What criminal records can be expunged?

It is important to note that not all criminal records, charges, results, convictions, etc. can be expunged. However, when it is determined that records are able to be expunged, generally all records within any court, correctional facility, detention center, law enforcement agency, or criminal justice information relating to that person's criminal charge will be expunged. This typically includes information relating to apprehension, arrest, detention, trial, or disposition for that particular crime.

3. Are criminal records automatically expunged?

Except in limited circumstances, criminal records are not automatically expunged. Usually, the person requesting the expungement, or their criminal attorney, needs to file a motion or petition in the court and then follow various procedures to have the record expunged. Often times, records can not be expunged until a certain time period elapses. In some instances, such as in some juvenile cases, records may be automatically sealed or expunged once the juvenile defense reaches a certain age.

4. Can an expungement request be denied?

Absolutely expungement requests can be rejected. First, and foremost, expungement is not an absolute right. Criminal records can only be expunged in limited circumstances and only if the applicant follows the procedures correctly. Expungements are often denied because time periods are not met, the petition is insufficient, the records are not those that can be expunged, and for many other reasons.

As a general rule, criminal records are public information. That is to say anyone can go to the Maryland, Virginia, or DC courthouse and find out if you have been arrested or convicted of a crime. Expungement is a method by which someone can limit or eliminate the accessibility of these records entirely. In the end, though, it is very important to note that expungement laws and procedure vary immensely from state to state, even between Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia.